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Scott Mueller's Upgrading and Repairing PCs Forum • View topic - Questions about Routers, Print Servers, and IPV6
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 Post subject: Questions about Routers, Print Servers, and IPV6
 Post Posted: Wed Jun 27, 2012 12:50 pm 
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Posts: 43
Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Hi Scott!

I am venturing into setting up my first home network, and I have a few questions...

As I recall from your Windows book that I borrowed from our public library, you mentioned that one should connect the telephone line to the ADSL modem, then the router to the ADSL modem, then the switch to the router and then the computers to the switch. I purchased a gigabit ethernet switch, and I intend to connect 6 computers to it. One will be using Windows 98SE, one will be using Windows 2000 Pro., two will be using Windows XP Pro., one will be using Windows Vista Ultimate, and the last will be using Linux (not sure which distribution... still investigating). I currently have both the Windows book and the third edition of your Network book on hold, but as I have gathered almost all the hardware to construct the network, I want to get started now rather than wait another 10 days.

1. I have not yet purchased a router. I would prefer to buy a WIRED router, but the wired routers I see are Fast ethernet (i.e. 10/100 Mbps). I would think that the only slow-down to the network would occur anytime two or more computers were trying to get to the Internet, but communication between the computers would be much faster. Is this correct?

2. If I wanted to have everything running at the same optimal speed, I would have to purchase a gigabit router. However, the only ones that I have found with gigabit ethernet ports (usually 4 ports) are wireless-N routers, which are more expensive. As I said, my preference is for a completely wired network, but could I use one of these wireless routers and shut off the wireless function, or is this not possible?

3. Although my ADSL service "claims" maximum download speeds of up to 15 Mbps (for the particular plan we have), I hardly get close to that. The speed, in fact, can hover around 5 Mbps, which is tolerable (especially compared to dialup, which I occasionally use when my ISP has some technical problems with their hi-speed internet service or if problems develop with the ADSL modem (this has happened once)). Since even the maximum speed of 15Mbps is substantially less than the 100Mbps Fast ethernet speed, would it be better to use the Fast ethernet wired router instead of going for the wireless-N gigabit router?

4. I am also thinking of purchasing a print server for the network. Most are USB with a single port, but I have seen a relatively inexpensive 3-port ethernet print server. Currently there are 2 laser printers (monochrome), but I could see myself wanting to get a colour printer (distant future, either a colour inkjet or multifunction printer, or if the colour is not too bad, a colour laserjet printer). Is there anything I should be aware of before purchasing a print server for the network?

5. In terms of security, do I need to have antivirus software for each computer on the network? I have a Norton 360 standard package, which is good for 3 users. Does this mean it is "networkable" or do I have to physically install it to three of the six computers? I would, of course, have to purchase another package for the other three computers, but there are some problems... two of the computers are old and are incompatible with the recent version of Norton 360 (the 98SE - Pentium 75, Linux - Pentium 100). I also have a Pentium 233 MMX (Windows 2000 Pro.), which possibly is also not compatible with the current version of my antivirus software. I am using the last compatible free version of ClamWin on the 98SE, which is better than nothing, so perhaps I will have to use that on the other two computers. Is there a better way?... Do all routers have firewalls? Is it better to use the hardware-based firewall rather than a software-based firewall? Do any routers also have antivirus software incorporated in them?

6. Lastly, I really do not know anything about IPV6 (nor IPV4, for that matter), but as it is the new up-and-coming network addressing standard, should I implement it on my network? How... i.e. is this covered in your Network book?

Thanks in advance for your advice!

Paul


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 Post subject: Re: Questions about Routers, Print Servers, and IPV6
 Post Posted: Wed Jun 27, 2012 3:45 pm 
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